© CNRS Photothèque - Philippe PLAILLY & Jérôme CHATIN
The contemporary development of next generation sequencing (NGS) of the genome, along with the possibility to manage massive amounts of data on patients, is profoundly transforming public health. It poses new problems related to patients’ privacy, medical data access and sharing, and finally healthcare government.
Epidapo (Epigenetics, Data, Politics) proposes to investigate the mechanisms by which data sets are added to data sets, as if there were no limit to this additivity of information on patients, when it used to be so difficult, often impossible, to standardize or integrate different data coming from different systems or organizations. We want to understand how a setting very close to “big data”, usually associated with the internet and consumer knowledge, is formatted and transforms biomedicine. One of our main foci is the development of the new field of epigenetics, that inherently mixes genomic data with environmental surveys and many other data resources. We finally explore the political consequences of this new kinds of data on the healthcare system and its modes of government.
Epidapo (Epigenetics, Data, Politics), a joint unit of the the French CNRS (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique) and UCLA, located within the latter, and housing social and life scientists, proposes to study the UDN from a sociological point of view. Our approach will synergize questions coming from Sociology and Science and Technology Study, with innovative research methods, and a group of world class experts.
Perig Pitrou, PhD - The Contribution of Amerindian Ethnology to the Definition of Life
UCLA - Life Science Building, room#3314
Recent scientific and technological advances have led to profound changes to the humans’ outlook on life and to their relationships to the living. Thus the definition of life becomes a crucial issue for the social sciences, not only the natural sciences. Research done in the field of Science and Technology Studies has shown that cultural contexts play an important role in how biology is practiced and/or in how knowledge from it is used. But until now there has been an insufficient effort to articulate this field with the growing number of ethnological works that investigate understandings of life found in traditional societies. In order to establish a dialogue between disciplines that tend to follow their own separate paths, this presentation proposes showing how the ethnology of Amerindian societies (Mesoamerica, Andes, Amazonia) can contribute to the definition of life.
Perig Pitrou is a researcher in the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Laboratoire d’Anthropologogie Sociale, Paris. He is the author of Le chemin et le champ. Sacrifice et parcours rituel chez les Mixe de Oaxaca (Mexique) and the co-editor of the book La noción de vida en Mesoamérica (CEMCA-UNAM, 2011). In 2013-14, he directed the research programme ‘Of Living Beings and Artefacts: The Interrelation of Vital and Technical Processes’ (Des êtres vivants et des artefacts – Musée du quai Branly (département de la recherche et de l’enseignement). He is now Deputy Director of the interdisciplinary programme ‘Domestication and Fabrication of the Living’ (CNRS-PSL)